The Difference between Colour Correction and Colour Grading, According To Leading Video Production Company South Africa

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In the old world of film and chemical processing, “colour timing” used to be a lengthy process that took place in a lab. Today, colour processing is done digitally. Digitally captured footage can be completely transformed with a few mouse clicks.

There are two main types of colour manipulation, and while their names are often mistakenly used interchangeably, they are two separate processes, as any leading video production company South Africa has to offer can tell you.

Even though colour correction and colour grading are similar in their process, they are different in how and when they are used. It’s easy to get the two confused, so let’s take a closer look at each, and at what sets them apart from the other.

Colour Correction

Colour correction is a singular process that involves making adjustments to an image in an effort to “correct” any deviations from its standard appearance. Most smart-phone users will be familiar with some of these settings. Even the most basic photo editing software will include as least one of these:

• Contrast; this means to increase or decrease the difference between light and dark areas
• Exposure; to increase or decrease the over-all light level of the image or scene
• ISO noise; this is also referred to as “grain” and often appears in darker images
• White balance; is the process of adjusting colour so that white objects appear white, without an colour cast.

Colour correction is also used in an effort to cover mistakes made with camera settings, while also pulling more information from flat-profiles.

Colour Grading according to the best video production company South Africa has to offer

Colour grading is a process capable of changing the visual tone of an entire film. Once footage has been graded, it’s possible to change its themes and aesthetics. Think of colour grading more as a brush to paint a picture with purpose. For example, grading can change the emotion of a scene;

– A blue cast or tone may imply sadness, depression, or even cold.
– A warmer tone, may add happiness, urgency or even anger
– A film may start with warmer, reds and yellows, and over the course of the story, change, either gradually or suddenly to indicate that the atmosphere and emotion of the tale has changed.

Keep in mind that colour grading is considered a “high-end” process, and it isn’t used quite as frequently as colour correction for most videos.

For those looking to create more detailed colour profiles, be prepared for more labour intensive editing, as well as longer render times. Still not sure about the finer details of colour grading and colour correction? Contact us, and speak to the leading video production company South Africa can offer about all your video production needs.